Mixed Digital Command Control and Analog Operation
Summary: Mixing DCC and Analog Control on the same layout is possible, with care taken to avoid connecting one system to the other. If you're just starting out or thinking about converting an existing layout the first question you might ask is "Can I mix Digital Command Control and non-DCC (analog) equipment?". Perhaps you have an existing analog (Direct Current) layout and find the prospect of adding decoders to all your locomotives a bit daunting. This table gives a quick heads up on what is possible when mixing systems.
- The current opinion is that running a mixed analog/DCC layout is not recommended. It is still your decision.
DCC and Analog
|DCC Layout||Analog Layout|
|DCC Locomotive||Yes||Yes (most cases)|
|Analog Locomotive||Not recommended||Yes|
|Mixed Locomotives||Not recommended unless all analog
locomotives are stored on isolated sections
As you can see, operating analog locomotives on a DCC layout is not recommended. It is possible and is supported by some DCC systems (see Zero Stretching), but some types of motors do not respond well, most will overheat if left sitting idle on the track, and some will even give off Magic Smoke. Coreless Motors can be destroyed by a DCC signal.
If you really want to mix locomotives on a DCC layout you must make sure the analog ones are isolated when not in use. For example: Installing a switch to cut the DCC power to a storage siding).
A better solution for mixed operation is to use analog power (i.e. your old controller) while you're in the process of upgrading to DCC. Most DCC mobile decoders support analog power conversion to allow you to run your DCC locomotive on an analog layout. Even if you use an older decoder that doesn't support analog mode or has analog mode turned off in the CVs, it will never do it any harm to leave it on an analog powered layout.
Warning Regarding DC Operation with DCC Decoders
- Any locomotive equipped with a DCC decoder which is set to allow analog operations comes with a risk. If the DCC signal were to be distorted at some point, the decoder may switch to analog mode and the train will take off at full throttle. For that reason many modellers set the decoder to NMRA DCC Only mode.
- Some decoders can be damaged by a pulse power type power pack. The distorted waveform produced in pulse mode can contain spikes which are deadly to a decoder.
One route to transitioning from analog power to Digital Command Control is to setup your layout that can run in analog or DCC mode at the flick of a switch. If you have a modest layout with just one analog controller you can simply add a DPDT switch so that the power is either fed by the old controller or the new DCC controller. Just remember the warnings about analog locomotives sitting on live sections of track when you to switch it to DCC mode.
This method achieves 100% separation between the control systems. Only one can be connected to the layout.
You might have noticed a column missing from the table, "Mixed Power" was omitted for clarity. This is where a layout is divided into different blocks where each block is powered by DCC or analog. This allows you to operate both types of locomotive but quickly gets complicated when you consider what happens when a locomotive crosses from one block to another.
This first issue is the same as before, if you run an analog locomotive on a DCC block you run the risk of overheating its motor. A DCC locomotive isn't such an issue (provided you match the throttle settings) since it will run on either type of power.
The bigger issue is what happens when the wheels on a locomotive or other piece of rolling stock with metal wheels short out the rail gaps between the blocks? In analog days this was not much of issue even if the throttle settings weren't completely matched, the analog controllers were pretty forgiving. However DCC power is nothing like analog power and the two will fight if shorted together. This could result in blown decoders, a damaged or destroyed booster, or blown analog controllers.
Lenz offered a solution for this, the LT100 Digital Circuit Breaker which is no longer in production. Since many modellers who upgraded to DCC completely abandoned analog operations in the process, the need for such a device was very limited.
When a locomotive crossed the gap separating a DC/Analog section from the DCC section, the LT100 immediately disconnected the analog power source.