Digitrax Hints and Tips

DCCWiki, a community DCC encyclopedia.
Jump to: navigation, search

Summary: Digitrax Hints and Tips

Digitrax Pages...

Local Home Page
(Mobile Decoders)
Comparison of throttles
Misc Hints
[edit this template]


Command Station

DCS100 Command Station/Booster. This is a later model with the terminal block removed from its mating connection. Early models had spring clips which were not removable.

Recommended Power Supply Voltage


  • Maximum Voltage: 20VAC, 28VDC.
  • Minimum Voltage: 12VAC, 12VDC.
  • Current: 5A


Recommended voltages are similar, with a maximum of 22VAC. An eight amp power supply is recommended.

Zephyr Xtra / Zephyr Express

Only use the power supply which was packed with the unit at the factory. The Zephyr will warn if voltage is too low or high for proper operation, and will not allow track power to turn on if too high to protect decoders.

AC Voltages are RMS, for 50 and 60 Hz.

Command Station Option Settings

Many command stations from Digitrax have options which can be changed. Your preferences are stored in volatile memory, whose contents are lost when power is removed. This memory is maintained by a coin cell (such as one used in a watch) in the command station. As the cell ages, its ability to maintain the memory declines. At some point the memory will be reset to the command station's defaults. If the command station starts behaving badly, replacing this cell is a good place to start. Modern semiconductors use very little current, so this cell can last for years.

Replacing the Coin Cell

Interior of a Digitrax command station showing the two coin cell holders. Note the "NEG" indicating the polarity of the cell. The holders are empty in this picture

Digitrax has provided two holders for the cell inside the command station. Only one cell is needed. When replacing a cell which is still working, insert the new cell into the empty holder then remove the old one from its holder. There is no need to install two cells. This arrangement allows the replacement of the cell without losing your option settings. See your manual for the type of cell needed. Many will mistakenly refer to this as a CMOS Battery. It is not a battery, as it is only one cell (batteries are two or more cells), nor is it made using CMOS technology.

Status Editing

What is the Digitrax Status and How Do We Edit the Status?

(The late Don Crano wrote this on his now defunct website).

A Digitrax DCC System has additional memory built into the command station. A portion of the user programmable memory is called Status. When an address is entered for the first time, the command station stores information about this address in a memory location called a Slot. When viewing or editing the Status, it is actually some of the data in the slots that you are actually looking at.

Typical Digitrax systems allow 22 to 120 slots, meaning 22 to 120 Loco's decoder addresses and/or throttles. This is in part why Digitrax offers such a balanced system. Newer command stations such as the DCS240 offer up to 400 slots, in combination with the correct throttle.

Programming means programming the multifunction decoder’s memory using a programming track. Status or Status Editing, refers to programming the command station’s internal memory, not the decoder.

Selecting a new or existing decoder address on a throttle shows the status of this decoder. This is shown in one of two ways, depending if Primary or Extended addressing is used.

With a Primary address the throttle will show AD:xy, AD = Decoder Address, and xy = Status Code. With extended addresses it will show St:xy on a rotating display. This Status will either be the system default, or the status previously entered into the command station.

Editing Multifunction Decoder Status

This process was often required in the early days of DCC, telling the command station that this decoder does not understand the 28/128 speed step mode. To get a new decoder working, a status edit was needed to switch the command station's default behaviour to 14 Step Mode for this decoder. This was often encountered with early Lenz, Marklin and Arnold decoders.

DT100 Throttle

Select a locomotive on a DT100 throttle by pressing the SEL/SET button.  Once the desired address is shown on the display, press FUNC before pressing the SEL/SET button again. This key press sequence enters the Status Edit mode. Use either the throttle knob(s) or the Up/Down buttons to change the status. Once the desired status is set, pressing SEL/SET saves the value to the command station.

DT4xx Series
DT400 Series Throttle

Press the EDIT key to begin Status Editing

What Do the Actual Status Codes Mean?

The Status code is in the form of 2 digits. The left digit tells what the actual status of this decoder is to the system. And the right digit tells what type of decoder it is.

Check your manual for the command station as additional codes may exist.

Left (Y) Value State Selectable Refresh Right (Y) Value Meaning
0 New Selectable Not Refreshed 0 28 speed steps
1 Common Selectable Refreshed 1 Motorola/AC Decoder
2 Idle Selectable Not Refreshed 2 14 Steps
3 In Use Selectable Refreshed 3 128 Steps
5 Common Not Selectable Consist Refreshed 4 28 Steps/FX Decoder
7 In Use Not Selectable Consist Refreshed 7 128 Steps/FX Decoder
b 128 Step Consist Top
A little note regarding the terminology used here. 
  • Refresh : The command station is or is not sending packets with this decoder address.
  • Selectable: A throttle/computer can select this address.
  • In-Use: Address is currently in use by the system or another throttle.
  • Common and Idle
    • Address is not in use, may be selected by another throttle/computer, etc. The difference is packets are being sent from command station to the rails or not. Common = Refreshed, Idle = not Refreshed.
  • New: Address is currently not in the command station’s memory, so it will be entered as new.
    • A status of “New, 128 speed step” [03] is the Factory Default.
  • Consist: Address is Mu'ed with other locos as related to Digitrax UniVersal consisting.
  • FX : Decoder supports Advanced consisting. If the command station supports this mode it can be used with the decoder.
  • TOP means that this locomotive is the "Top" or First locomotive in a consist, all commands are addressed to it.

Decoder Status, DCS100/DCS240

The DT4xx throttle displays the following status codes:

Display Meaning
28 28 speed step mode
14 14 speed step mode
128 128 speed step mode
*28FX 28 speed steps, enable Advanced Consist mode
x01 Reserved
x02 Reserved
*128FX 128 speed step steps, enable advanced consist mode
  1. Digitrax systems such as the Chief also have Unified consisting, which automatically selects the type of consisting to use. If you want to include Advanced consisting the FX status must be set. If not set, UniVersal consisting will be used, the most common method used by Digitrax users.
  2. On the factory default. Digitrax sets the default speed steps to 128. You can use Status Edit to select another speed step if required. The Digitrax DB150 and DCS100 command stations also allow system defaults to be globally changed. These global changes are made via OPSW#s 21-22-23. These defaults also can be made on a throttle by throttle basis by changing the defaults on the DT100 throttles. For example this allows one throttle to enter new addresses as 28 SS, and yet another as 128 SS. This allows the user to set defaults that match their most used decoders types, reducing or eliminating Status Edits, by allowing the system to set it automatically.


If you see a SLOT=MAX message (the Zephyr and Zephyr Xtra use FuLL), you need to clear the slots. Please see the article on Slots for more information, and the related article on Dispatching.

The Zephyr has only ten slots, where the Xtra and Express have twenty available.


If a "slot=max" message appears on the throttle, the command station has no free slots available. With the DCS100, there are 22 slots available. Closing OpSw44 enables 120 slots. This means the DCS100 can control up to 22 locomotives at one time, or 120 if the additional slots are enabled.

Releasing locomotives which are not in use makes their slots available for use.

The DCS100 software has a purging strategy where any locomotive which has not been under the control of a throttle on LocoNet for 200 seconds will have its status changed from "in use" to "common", allowing anyone to acquire a locomotive which has been "forgotten" should that action be necessary (such as to avoid a collision.)

The DCS100's parameters allow you to lengthen the purge timing to 600 seconds, or to turn that feature off.


The DCS240 has 400 locomotive slots, and supports up to 400 throttles.

There are some differences:

  1. There are 120 "standard" slots, available to any Digitrax throttle.
  2. The remaining 280 slots are considered "expanded slots", which are available to DT402 R2 and later throttles. The DT402 R2 can be either tethered or Duplex versions. Throttles with expanded capabilities are assigned to expanded slots leaving the standard slots available for legacy throttles. The DCS240 identifies the throttles and assigns slots automatically based on their capabilities.

When consisting, slots can be used quickly. Building a consist with an expanded throttle allows the DCS240 to store the entire consist in expanded slots. The throttle only needs to address the primary locomotive address in the consist to control the entire consist. If the consist is then selected using a legacy throttle, the primary address is moved to a standard slot, which is linked by the DCS240 to the remaining locomotives stored in the expanded slots, leaving as many of the first 120 "standard" slots available as possible.

What is 'Status FF'?

Some users complain of getting a Status code of 'FF', and they cannot enter a new loco address into the system. The first question they ask is what is going on, there is no code 'FF'?

Do not confuse Status Code 'FF' with the returned CV value of 'FF' on an service mode programmer like the Chief's or the PR1. These errors relate to programming decoders. During a Status check or Edit, you are dealing with the command station’s memory. When a programmer returns a CV value of 'FF', it indicates that it could not read back a valid CV value for this location in the decoder’s memory.

When Status Code of 'FF' is displayed, all the memory slots are filled and there is no space for a new address.

My Train Keeps Stopping

If you have a train that will, for no obvious reason, suddenly come to a stop, and if you adjust the throttle it resumes its journey, the most likely cause is that two throttles are set to the same address.

There are two slots assigned to that locomotive's address. The other slot is set to speed zero. At some point the command station will refresh the slots. It reads the slot that is set to zero speed and sends a packet to your locomotive telling it to stop.

JMRI can help by using the slot monitor to clear all unused slots, as well as using it to release a specific slot.

See the article about Dispatching for more details.

Additional Cooling for DCS200 and DB150

Sometimes it's neccesary to add cooling to command stations and boosters when running in certain environments, such as outdoors in hot weather, or in an enclosure. Here is a process to add a 12v fan to a DCS200 and DB150. Pictures to come soon.

Warning: This may void your warranty.

  1. Remove the cover case
  2. Use a fret saw to cut a U shape into the box
  3. File off the rough edges
  4. Bolt the fan to the heat sink with three bolts.
    • The fan blows into the box's interior and up the heat sink.
    • Fan power is taken off half of the bridge rectifier output, the pcb contacts of which are easily spotted once the box is removed.
  5. To allow free air movement, a couple of rubber grommets are added to the rubber feet.

Resetting a DCS100

If things are a little strange, or after a long and large operating system, this procedure will clear out and reset the DCS100 to factory settings.

  1. Set the Mode Switch to the OP position
  2. Disconnect both LocoNet cables, plug in a DT400 throttle.
  3. Press SWCH, 39', CLOC 'c' (Same process as throwing a turnout with a throttle.) The display should show Sw 039=c.
  4. Set the MODE switch to RUN. This is very important, do not skip.
  5. Set the MODE to the OP position.
    1. Press SWCH 5 c. The display should indicate that switch is now closed, the same applies to the following steps.
    2. Press SWCH 15 c.
    3. Press SWCH 20 c.
    4. Press SWCH 44 c.
  6. Return the MODE switch to the RUN position.
  7. Disconnect the throttle and reconnect the LocoNet cables.

The DCS100 has been reset, and it ready for operation.

Procedure adapted from a document prepared by Northern NJ N-Trak

DCS100 LED Indicators

Net Indicator
  • Solid Red: LocoNet OK
  • On, blinks Off: Valid LocoNet Message Received
  • Off: Short circuit on LocoNet
  • Blinking:DCS100 is in configuration mode
Off Line Indicator

The indicator can mean two things:

  1. No Track Status
  2. Overheat Condition: Once the DCS100 cools, it will return to normal operation. It shuts down when the temperature reaches a point between 45 and 50C.

These are normal conditions.

Track Status
  1. OFF means no track power, or the DCS100 might be turned off
  2. Orange: Normal DCC operation with no zero stretching
  3. Green or Red: Zero Stretching is in use.

Indicates the operating mode of the DCS100, Slow banking is normal. This tells you that the OpSwitch 5 is set correctly.

Eight blinks every 4 seconds indicates that OpSwitch 5 should be closed. Normal operation is possible.

If it is mainly off, then OpSwitch 1 is not correctly set. It should be "thrown".

DB150 Diagnostics

DB150 Power LED

A green LED indicates the DB150 is on. It also indicates status.

  • Solid: Normal operation as a command station.
  • Flashing
    • Half second on/off cycle, indicates booster mode.
    • One second on/off cycle, in OPS Mode.
    • Two second on/off cycle, the DB150 is in sleep mode.
    • Rapid flashing: Program mode
    • Slow flashing (4 seconds on, 4 seconds off) indicates a fault code. See below.


If a fault has occurred, the power LED will turn on for 4 seconds, then off 4 seconds, followed by a number of blinks before beginning the cycle again.

  1. One blink indicates a short
  2. Two blinks means OVERTEMP
  3. Three blinks indicate loss of packets, a LocoNet problem.

Audible Alerts

If you get twenty beeps, your LocoNet may be overloaded. Disconnect the LocoNet and this should stop. The solution is to ensure that LocoNet is getting power from an alternative source so as to not load down the command station.


  • 1 Beep: DCS100/200 has powered on successfully or has sent a programming command.
  • 3 Beeps: A loco address has been "purged" due to non-use. This is informational only and is normal.
  • 4 Beeps: Booster short circuit shutdown. Fault Alarm.
  • 6 Beeps: Command station already present in system. When two command stations are operating on the same system, you may experience unexpected results.
  • 7 Beeps: DCS100/200 internal battery low condition. Battery should be replaced as soon as possible. See your manual for instructions.
  • 8 Beeps: Memory ECC/checksum fail. This indicates that the local CMOS memory has been corrupted and was reset automatically. This is a technical diagnostic.
  • 9 Beeps: DCS100/200 transmit failure, there is a device blocking proper message action on LocoNet.
  • 16 Beeps: Software timeout failure. No action is required, the unit will resume operation.

Continuous Soft clicks: Low input power supply voltage. If the DCS100/200 input voltage falls below about 9.5V DC or 8V AC while operating, the DCS100 will emit a series of continuous soft clicks until the low voltage condition is corrected.


  • 1 Short Beep: Diagnostic Beep when OPSW41='c', LocoNet commands incoming. In EZ routes mode, indicates a switch has been saved. During operation, the DCS240 has recovered from a fault
  • 2 Short: Initial DCS240 Power on or DCS240 had a purged loco address
  • 3 Short: Entered quick routes mode
  • 4 Short: Booster short circuit shutdown
  • 5 Short: Route Error, looping route
  • 8 Short: Route Error, Maximum switch commands issued
  • 1 Long Beep: In EZ Routes, initial Route ID saved
  • 2 Long: In EZ Routes, route saved and exit EZ Routes
  • 3 Long: When pressing the LocoReset Button, all loco addresses purged from the system. LocoPurged from system
  • 4 Long: Power Supply Voltage Out of Range (13.8V to 24 V DC)
  • 10 beeps: There is another command station on the system. The DCS240 will beep ten times and cut track power. The DCS240 actively scans the LocoNet looking for command stations every two minutes, and if it finds one, will beep and cut track power. Track power cannot be restored until the offending command station is disconnected from LocoNet or switched back to Booster Mode. This feature is useful on large modular layouts.


  • A single beep indicates successful power up or a command has been transmitted.
  • Three beeps indicate that a locomotive address has been purged due to inactivity.
  • Five indicates a short circuit and the booster section has shut down.
  • Six beeps indicates a conflict, the DB150 is in command station mode after powering up, and there is another command station already active on the LocoNet. Only one command station should be active at any time.
  • Nine beeps indicate a transmit failure has occurred, something on the LocoNet is blocking communications.
  • Sixteen beeps mean a software failure has occurred due to a timeout. No action is needed, the DB150 will clear up the problem and operation will continue as normal.
  • Random (diagnostic) clicks indicate that OpSw 41 is closed, telling the DB150 to click whenever a valid LocoNet command is received.

Changing a Command Station to Booster Only Mode

Digitrax publishes through their Knowledge Base a number of articles regarding setting their command stations to Booster Mode.

It is not possible to have two command stations on the layout.

Note: If a command station is being used as a booster suddenly changes back to the default (command station) mode, this is often caused by the coin cell which maintains the memory in the command station. When it cannot supply enough energy to maintain the settings (option switches) you have stored in the command station, the device will reset to its defaults.

Digtrax Zephyr / Zephyr Xtra / Zephyr Express

DCS51 LED Display and Keyboard, DCS50 is similar

Error Messages

The DCS50 and DCS51 display four error messages on the LED display:

Walking L

Loss of Carrier: If the display shows a "walking L," the Zephyr is in booster mode, and there is no active command station. If the LocoNet cable is disconnected in booster mode this error will appear as well. Either power up the command station or check the LocoNet wiring. If needed, verify the LocoNet wiring with the LT1 tester.

If the Zephyr is the command station, it will need to be corrected. OpSwitch 2 should be Thrown (factory setting) to put the Zephyr into command station mode. OpSw 39 can also be used to completely reset the Zephyr to factory defaults.

Walking "c"

Current Overload

The walking c indicates the booster is overloaded. Reduce the load by running fewer locomotives. A booster can be added to increase the current capacity of your DCC system.

Walking o

There is a short circuit on the power bus which must be corrected. Look for something on the track or a derailed vehicle.

Walking "H"

This message indicates an over voltage condition exists on the power input. The power supply has gone bad, or an inappropriate AC power supply is being used.

The DCS51 is designed to be operated from a 12V battery, or a PS314 power supply (included). Using an AC power supply will result in this error message.

If an AC power supply such as the PS315 or PS515 is used the track power cannot be turned on to protect your equipment on the layout.

DCS52 Zephyr Xpress Error Messages

As the DCS52 has an LCD alphanumeric display, it can display more meaningful troubleshooting information. Error messages will be displaying on the Scrolling Help Text line.

  1. Local Booster Track Fault: Short Circuit Shutdown due to overload. The DCS52 will beep three times and flash the track power indicator
  2. High Input DC voltage: Excessive voltage for the power supply, which should not exceed 16.9V. The PS314 is the power supply which should be used with the DCS52.
  3. LOW Input DC voltage: Should the inout voltage drop below 9.5VDC, the unit will display this error and beep continuously.


If the word FuLL (or SLOT MAX on the Express) appears on the display, the slots are full and need to be cleared before additional locomotives can be addressed. If this message appears during operations you can clear unneeded locomotives by pressing LOCO, entering the address, then pressing the Exit key.

See the page on Slots for more details.

Digitrax Knowledge Base Articles


Digitrax Throttle Guide (HoTrak.ca)

Radio or Infrared Throttles Sluggish

When operating either kind of wireless throttles on a Digitrax layout, sometimes you'll notice a slight delay. The Digitrax wireless throttles only send a speed data packet when you stop moving the throttle knob. So, if you continuously decrease the throttle to zero, the only command sent is ZERO SPEED when you hit bottom. If you play with the throttle knob all the time, there won't be a command sent until you quit fooling around!

Here are some ways to improve throttle response.

  • Check that Address 00 is not in use, or has not be left in the system at a non-zero speed. Because of the way analog operation on a DCC layout works, use of an analog locomotive can significantly slow response to throttle commands, with the problem getting worse as the analog locomotive runs faster. Many clubs have banned the use of analog locomotives during operations sessions for this reason.
  • Slow Down! Turn the throttle knob about one click every ½ to 1 second. This is slow enough for the throttle to send the command between clicks.
  • Try using the [+] and [-] buttons instead of the throttle knobs for making speed changes. Again, space out the commands.
  • Add another UR90 (Infrared) or UR91 (IR and Radio) receiver to your layout. A few people have argued that lower signal strength further away from the reciever, or too many throttles talking to a single UR91 may contribute to the issue. People who have added a second receiver have noted some performance improvement on bigger and/or busier layouts. This is obviously a more expensive solution - try borrowing one first if you can to see if it improves things!

Range is not usually an issue with Digitrax throttles. Anecdotal user experience gives an IR range of over 30 feet, with some ability to bounce off reflective surfaces, and radio ranges over 200 feet under good conditions - on other floors, outside the house, or even across the street!

Erratic Operation

During an operating session with multiple trains in motion and multiple operators, trains stopping and starting for no reason can be caused by address conflicts. As the LocoNet is polled, a locomotive address which occupies more than one slot will cause problems. If the throttle is set to zero, the train will stop until the other throttle using that address is polled.

Dispatching locomotives properly will probably eliminate the problem. Clearing all slots after an operating session by dispatching all the locomotives should also help.

Radio Throttle Issues

Basic Information about Wireless Throttles

From an email on the Digitrax Mailing List

  1. Simplex throttles use frequencies in the 915 MHz band.
  2. Duplex throttle signals are in the 2.4 GHz (or 2400 MHz) band.

Bluetooth devices also operate in the 2.4 GHz band, so they can and will interfere with Duplex operations. The amplitude of the Bluetooth signal is such that it will drown out your Duplex throttle; if standing close to a UR92 duplex transceiver you may find it overwhelms that device too – a phenomenon called receiver-capture — the strongest signal captures the receiver and blocks other signals.

Advise everyone to turn off Bluetooth devices, or just disable the Bluetooth option.

Wireless routers can auto-negotiate whatever channel it wants in the 2.4GHz band, which is also used by the UR92, at up to ten times the power of the Digitrax throttle and transceiver. Again, receiver-capture will kill Digitrax Duplex communications.

Set router for B/G protocols, a fixed channel ( Such as #1) and minimum bandwidth in the 2.4GHz band, set the UR92 to use channels further away from the router's channel.
UR91 and UR92s should also have their own power supplies, don't rely on the Loconet cables. Sufficient power means better operation.

Powering Throttles

As with any electronic device, a throttle requires power to operate. This power is not to be confused with the signals received and sent by the throttle. A throttle takes its power in the following sequence when plugged into the following jacks:

  • a UP3/5 panel that is connected to a 12 - 15 volt DC power supply (sometimes referred to as a wallwart).
  • a UP3/5 panel that is connected to the track power.
  • if the UP3/5 panel is not connected to a 12 - 15 volt DC power supply or to the track power, the UP3/5 panel takes its power to operate from the LocoNet (Pins 1 & 6 or the white and blue wires in the LocoNet cable).
  • an RJ12 6-wire telephone jack takes its power from the LocoNet (Pins 1 & 6 or the white and blue wires in the LocoNet cable.

The only time a throttle takes power from the battery to operate is when it is unplugged and you are using the throttle to send signals to a UR90 infra-red receiver or to a UR91 radio receiver. When unplugged the battery keeps the display lit but does nothing with respect to the signals that have been generated by the throttle or the command station.

  • Note: On a system that includes throttles without batteries it is especially important to use powered UP3/5 panels or something similar to prevent the RailSync (Pins 1 & 6) voltage from dropping too low. Low RailSync voltage can cause premature battery discharge and/or throttle problems. If the RailSync voltage drops below 9 volts, then battery powered throttles will revert to internal battery power even when plugged into a LocoNet jack. If it drops below about 7.5 volts, the LocoNet becomes unstable and you will have loss of control problems.

Cannot Control Turnouts

First, you cannot control turnouts unless they are equipped with a switch machine driven by a stationary decoder.

If the first conditions are met, yet control of turnouts from the throttle doesn't work, there are two reasons. Both are related to the Bushby Bit. Reason one is, the layout is controlled by a dispatcher, and you must request that a turnout be thrown. The dispatcher will do that using a computer interfaced to the layout using LocoNet.

The other reason is that the Bushby Bit was accidentally set. It is OpSw27 in a Digitrax command station. The Op Switch must be reset to enable the operator to throw turnouts from the throttle.

Throttle Repairs

Replacement Potentiometer for the UT4 Throttle

If the potentiometer (or pot) on the UT4 throttle is not working or broken, it can be replaced with a new Alps Rotary Potentiometer RK09L Series Part number RK09L1140A5P. This is the same part Digitrax uses.

It is available from a number of suppliers such as Mouser (look for part number: 688-RK09L1140A5P).

Replacement Encoder for DT40x

If the rotary encoder fails, it can be replaced by a Bourns Rotary Encoder Mechanical 24PPR part number PEC12R-4220F-S0024-ND. Most electronics suppliers will have this part.

There are other types which lack the detent, which is the -4020F- variant.

Capacitor Plague

The Capacitor Plague was a problem between 1999 to 2007, where electrolytic capacitors from certain suppliers failed at an unusually high rate.

DT300 and DT400 series throttles can suffer from this issue.

The solution is to replace the surface mounted electolytics with new ones. The originals are 4.7uF, 25V which can be replaced with a similar or larger value. Someone skilled in soldering should have few issues replacing the two capacitors.

DT300 Symptoms

If the capacitors have failed a DT300 will often alternate the display with a voltage reading then a series of random numbers.

Rechargeable Batteries

Going through batteries on a regular basis is no fun, so here's a list of batteries that should work in all Digitrax throttles.

The throttle uses a nine volt battery for power.

You'll need a NiMH charger. Maha also makes great chargers for all NiMH batters (different voltages/cells).

1 Manufacturer's website for reference. Although they sell their own products, you can usually buy their products cheaper from other online retailers.

Another Comparison of 9V Batteries

DT 400 Battery Compartment Dimensions:

  • Available space in DT400 Battery Compartment: 1.065" wide, 0.720" deep,1.932" long (27.1 X 18.3 X 49.1mm)
    • Total length of battery, including positive & negative clips
Typical 9V Battery Specifications
  • 17.5 X 12.95 X 46.4mm
    • Height including terminals: 48.5mm.
  • Typical volume is 211 cubic millimetres
  • Shelf life is 5 years at 21ºC.
  • ANSI-1604A, IEC-6LR61
Comparison of 9V Battery Dimensions
Width Height Length Total Length
Inch mm Inch mm Inch mm Inch mm
Duracell 9V/HR9V/DC1604/NiMH/8.4V/150mAh 1.033 26.24 0.673 17.1 1.789 45.4 1.897 48.2
Duracell 9V MX1604 6LR61 Alkaline 1.020 25.91 0.656 16.7 1.740 44.2 1.894 48.1
Eveready 1222 6F22 9V Alkaline 1.009 25.63 0.673 17.1 1.777 45.1 1.899 48.2
Energizer 522 6LR61 6AM6 9V Alkaline 1.000 25.40 0.645 16.4 1.908 48.5 1.894 48.1
Personnelle 9V MX1604 6LR61 Alkaline 1.034 26.26 0.667 16.9 1.774 45.1 1.896 48.2
  1. Length excludes the terminals (body only)
  2. Total Length includes the terminals.

Powering UP or UR panels

To power a UP or UR panel, and any throttles attached to it, Digitrax now recommends their PS14 power supply, which is a 14Vdc 300mA wallwart (power brick). As noted in the UP manuals, the PS14 can power 10 UP or UR panels. This works out to 30mA per panel, or simply 300(mA)/10(units)=30(mA each).

This is consistent with the fact a LocoNet device such as a throttle can draw up to 15mA from the rail-syncs whenever the rail-sync voltage is greater then 7V. The UP5 simply provides Loconet throttle connections, no Rail Sync signal just positive voltage, on the front and to the side jack. The UP5 uses Diodes to select/steer where power is drawn from. When no track or Rail-Sync power is available the UP5 will use the external power to power the Rail Sync to power the Throttles and to save batteries.

Power Usage of Throttles and Panels

Device Power Usage
UR90 receiver
(IR only)
up to 30 mA
UR91 receiver
(Radio & IR)
UP3 panel
0 mA†
UP5 panels 0 mA†
Throttles 15mA

† Does not include LED status light. According to the technical data on the UP3/UP5 panels, the panel does not get voltage from the Loconet to light the LED status light - that power is drawn only from the rail connection, if any. But will use the track power if higher then the Rail-Sync or the external DC if applied.

UP-5 power plug size

Unfortunately, the Digitrax manual doesn't state this, but the plug size for the UP-5 is a 2.1 by 5.0mm coaxial power connector.

Digitrax PR3/PR4

Digitrax offers an interface to LocoNet

The PR3 has been superseded by the PR4. A previous device, the PR2, was a serial device.

Digitrax has instructions for installing software the PR3, for various flavours of Mac OS and MSWindows. Make sure your software is up to date if you start having issues, especially after a software upgrade. An old version may work well for years until an upgrade, even a minor one, to the operating system breaks something. Digtrax has updated the firmware to work with 64 bit operating systems, if yours is a 32 bit OS, no need to upgrade the firmware.

  • There are instructions for windows10 on the Digitrax PR3 page.
  • The Mac OS uses JMRI to access the PR3. To use the PR3 you need to have Java and JMRI installed on your Mac.

PR3/PR4 Issues

Resetting CV128

The PR3 and PR4, when in stand-alone mode, can reset CV128.

Digitrax Sound Decoders use CV128 to toggle the motor on and off. This allows the user to test the sound settings without the motor's current draw overloading the PR3/PR4. To do this it sets CV128 to 0.

This is not a problem with Digitrax sound decoders, but other sound decoders use CV128 for other purposes. Setting it to zero can cause problems.

PR4 IPL Issues

Older products can have issues when being updated with a PR4. The PR4 needs to have Option Switch 14 closed. This will enable the Legacy IPL mode.

This issue mostly affects the update of DT402 throttles. Other legacy devices can have similar issues during an update.

PR4 Status Lights

  • USB, when solid blue, indicates MS100/Loconet Interface mode.
    • If the device is connected to the USB bus, it will be lit.
    • If the device is in SoundLoader/Decoder Programming mode, it will be flashing. This happens whenever the Soundloader program is active on the computer.
  • The red OPS light will be lit and flashing red/green when the PR4 is in Option Mode. The only time this occurs is during a reset, or when setting Option Switches
  • The green LED is not important. It is there for factory use.

Option Switches

There are two option switches available.

Option Switch 14

Some legacy products have slower processors which cannot keep pace with the faster PR4 data rates. This issue often occurs with IPL updating DT402 series throttles.

To enable Legacy IPL mode on the PR4 ensure you have the latest PR4 Firmware installed and set OpSw 14 = c (closed) by following the instructions which came with the PR4. The device must be powered and connected to the USB bus when doing this. To return to normal PR4 mode, repeat the process to set OpSw 14 = t (thrown).

Option Switch 40

This option switch resets the PR4 to its defaults.

My Locomotive Will Not Move, but has Sound

Digitrax Sound Decoders

Sometimes the PR3/PR4 will alter a CV during programming a Digitrax multifunction decoder so the sound effects can be tested. It writes a value to CV128 to disable the motor. If the motor will not respond on the layout, write a value of 1 to CV128.

Saving the Throttle Battery Between Sessions

To keep your nine volt battery in a DT100, 200, 300, 400, or UT4 throttle from discharging between operating sessions, open the battery case, remove the battery, and roll it (so that the polarity of the battery is reversed from that shown on the case). Reversing the polarity will not hurt the battery or throttle - people have been doing this since the DT100.

Do not swap ends with the battery! This will short the battery out on the spring at that side of the case. It won't hurt the throttle electronically, but the battery will get 'very warm. It doesn't do much for the life of the battery, either.

Using LocoNet Power to Maintain Battery

This arrangement allows you to turn off your command station and booster when it's not operating, and leave a simple wall wart plugged in. For this, you need to have a power supply such as the Digitrax PS14 installed and connected to a UP panel. This will supply power for up to 10 UP panels and connected throttles as long as the power supply is active. Of course, if you have the PS12 or PS14 plugged into a switched outlet that goes off when you power down your layout, you'll have 20 dead batteries in your throttles when you come back... so be sure of your power!

Alternatives to Battery Rolling

I don't have this information on me, and I can't find where I first saw it. But, about nine months ago I saw a webpage that describes how to use a Digitrax PS12 power supply and a multi-female RJ12 receptacle device to build a portable, or at least something you can mount in the garage, that allows you to plug in multiple throttles into. This acts as a battery saving device for wherever you store your throttles. For the life of me, i can't find this website. It was such a simple circuit to build too. I'm posting this here incase anyone knows of it and wants to replace this text with either a link or information on how to build it. Thanks. TazzyTazzy 12:41, 17 January 2006 (EST)

I tried a google search - is this it? Seems to be obsolete, given the UP panels...Joe Ellis 18:51, 19 January 2006 (EST)
Joe - thanks for looking, but that's not it. It's a stand alone device. So, say if you have your layout in the garden, or at a club, and you bring your throttle home (or inside), you simply plug it into a stand alone device in the garage (or wherever) and it acts like a battery saver. There were no relays. Just a power supply and a box that had mutliple female to recieve the throttle jack plugs. Once I understand the loconet wiring, I could come up with my own layout/design for this magical box, but why recreate the wheel? :-) TazzyTazzy 20:00, 19 January 2006 (EST)
I have been searching for such a device recently and came across this page. I have since found a reference on Digitrax's site for a DT200 keep-alive, and I think it would work for any/all of their throttles -- same basic principle. From my prior experience on electronics, I would recommend each RJ12 jack have it's own seperate resistor but it should be safe to wire multiple jacks in parallel off one power supply. Digitrax Application Note (Scroll to "DT200 Keep Alive" at the end of the page)
Follow-up: I have recieved a response from Digitrax support confirming that that circuit should work. The support representative said, "I know nothing about that very old battery saver circuit but if okay for the DT200 it will work for all other throttles. I would stick with 12 volts dc power to it."

Battery Saver

By Don Crano

This a little circuit that Don Crano built with AJ's help. It is designed to turn the entire LocoNet into a battery saver for the Digitrax Big Boy System. It could be modified to work with the Chief if one desires. When installed on the LocoNet it will supply power to it, and put all throttles in to IDLE mode automatically. Today there are the LA-2 and UPx panels, as well as other products to keep the power on the LocoNet. Saver2b.gif

The standby power supply is 500mA 12 VDC wall wart. The input supply can actually be any transformer that powers up and down with the system. The power supply for the booster is ideal for this. The relay is a 4P2T relay with a coil voltage and type to match the supply used. I use 18 VAC 6 amp transformers to power my boosters, and a 24vac relay works fine.

How It Works

When the LocoNet is powered up, basically nothing, all is normal. When the system is powered down and the relay drops out things change a little. The Orange wire of the LA-1 is moved to the + side of the standby power. The Red & Green LocoNet power wires are connected to the Black & Yellow LocoNet ground wires. This causes all throttles on the LocoNet to go IDLE. This might be all you need and in that case a 2P2T relay will work. But you will also notice that it removes the Blue & White wires from the Booster. The original DB100s did not have the bleed resistor on the caps that the newer ones do. Without these, the standby power would charge these caps and cause the booster to sometimes boot up in reverse polarity or other strange things. So I cured this by having the LocoNet Blue & White data wires disconnect from the booster.

This may not be needed anymore, as long as there are devices keeping your LocoNet bus energized.

Third Party devices

Many devices from other makers will work with Digitrax equipment. Some are LocoNet Certified, others do not have LocoNet capabilities for control and programming.

Digitrax Programming Conventions

Digitrax uses the Thrown and Closed nomenclature when programming their system's configuration switches. Other manufacturers do not use the same terminology.

Digitrax Nomenclature
Manufacturer Thrown Closed
Bachman Diverging Straight
MRC Off On
Lenz +
Normal Reverse
On Off
1 2

Power Management Devices

PSX from Tony's Train Exchange / DCC Specialties

Read the instructions thoroughly, as there are a number of settings required. Programming can be very tedious if you don't read the instructions first because of the command station transmitting addresses upon startup.

One is the "low power system" setting, needed for the Zephyr and Zephyr Xtra.

They may not work correctly if Zero Stretching is in use.

Consisting and NCE DCC Systems

The Digitrax default consisting method is Command Station Consisting. Digitrax calls their method UniVersal consisting. All consist information is stored in slots in the command station's memory. The command station splits the consist address into individual commands to each address in the consist.

NCE uses a hybrid version of Advanced Consisting which they call Intelligent Consisting.

When consists are operated on an NCE system, the consist must be broken up before removing the locomotives from the layout. Their consisting methods are not 100% compatible with Digitrax consisting.

Should this happen, the locomotive will appear to operate normally, without responding to throttle inputs. To correct this issue, write a value of zero (0) to CV19. This will erase the NCE short address which was written into the CV as part of the consisting process.